The Machine as Metaphor and Tool by H. Haken

Cover of: The Machine as Metaphor and Tool | H. Haken

Published by Springer Berlin Heidelberg in Berlin, Heidelberg .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Science (General),
  • Physics

About the Edition

The machine metaphor is deeply rooted in western culture and complex systemsin nature and society are often interpreted in such terms. With the advent of electronic computers, the machine metaphor applied to thinking and to thebrain has become even more pertinent. The idea of a machine has itself changed over time. In this book these transformations are made transparent, various aspects of the machine metaphor are discussed and limitations and pitfalls of the metaphor are elaborated. The chapters are written in a non-technical fashion and are accessible to a large audience ofscientists and also to laymen interested in the scientific perspectives and logical foundations of the machine concept that has been so influential in western thinking.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementedited by Hermann Haken, Anders Karlqvist, Uno Svedin
ContributionsKarlqvist, Anders, Svedin, Uno
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQC1-75
The Physical Object
Format[electronic resource] /
Pagination1 online resource (IX, 165 pages 18 illustrations)
Number of Pages165
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL27072022M
ISBN 103642777112
ISBN 109783642777110
OCLC/WorldCa840298195

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ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: viii, pages: illustrations ; 22 cm: Contents: 1. Introduction / Anders Karlqvist and Uno Svedin The Brain's Software: The Natural The Machine as Metaphor and Tool book and Poetic Information Processing / S. Ryan Johansson The Mechanization of Time / Lennart Lundmark The Three The Machine as Metaphor and Tool book.

The machine metaphor is deeply rooted in western culture and complex systemsin nature and society are often interpreted in such terms. With the advent of electronic computers, the machine metaphor applied to thinking and to thebrain has become even more pertinent.

The idea of a machine has itself changed over by: Print book: EnglishView all editions and formats Summary: Written in non-technical language and addressing scientists and laymen alike, this study discusses various aspects of the machine metaphor - one deeply rooted in Western culture - describing the provoking and problematic role that machines play in disciplines of the natural sciences.

The chapters in this book centre around one main theme, the concept of the machine and its use as metaphor in a variety of contexts. This concept is deeply rooted in western culture and is frequently used to interpret complex systems in nature.

The chapters in this book centre around one main theme, the concept of the machine and its use as metaphor in a variety of contexts.

This concept is deeply rooted in western culture and is frequently used to interpret complex systems in nature and society. The Machine Metaphor The Machine Metaphor and Organizations Today The machine metaphor points out the ways that organizations are specialized, standardized, and predictable When I try to apply this metaphor to real life, the first thing that comes to mind is the assembly line inside a factory.

To create a product each member has their role on the assembly line and. As a result, classical organizational theorists used this metaphor as a guide in all their theories. There are four (4) aspects of the machine metaphor that are of importance in my discussion: specialization, standardization, replaceability, and predictability.

Specialization. Think about a machine like it is a computer. The DNA of our present societal forms of organization is lost in antiquity, going back to Aristotle, Plato, and even before. However, it was Newtonian science and Cartesian philosophy which breathed life into them and fathered the concepts of hierarchical, command-and-control organizations, giving rise to the machine metaphor.

The other tool metaphor common in the news lately is to ratchet up something. When the young black man, Michael Brown, was killed by a policeman in Ferguson, Missouri on August 9 of this year, many journalists reported that the police force had to ratchet up their presence in Ferguson in response to widespread protests by the local people.

By responding to the questions, this solution addresses aspects of the organization as a machine metaphor e.g. what features are the control switches, how to fine tune the machine, what levers get pulled to keep the components working together, and does this metaphor help when thinking about an organization.

Since a machine is an assemblage of parts functioning in concert to achieve particular ends, the metaphor of the machine implies that diseases are dysfunctions of the body, and that health is the absence of disease.

In fact, that is the typical definition of health found in medical dictionaries. and editions of his book, but he extended them with major updates in b and These metaphors are: (i) organizations as machines – the machine metaphor; (ii) organiza-tions as organisms – the organism metaphor; (iii) organizations as brains – the brain meta.

Metaphor. Direct comparison between two unlike things. It does not use the words like or as. Figurative Language part 2 "The Sea" by James Reeves. This poem uses a variety of figurative language.

As you read this poem, try to identify the figurative language. Find an example of alliteration. Write the phrase here. The Machine Metaphor and Organizations Today The machine metaphor points out the ways that organizations are specialized, standardized, and predictable.

When I try to apply this metaphor to real life, the first thing that comes to mind is the assembly line inside a factory. An organizational metaphor is a figurative comparison (that is, a metaphor, simile, or analogy) used to define the key aspects of an organization and/or explain its methods of operation.

Organizational metaphors provide information about the value system of a company and about employers' attitudes toward their customers and : Richard Nordquist. American literary realism burgeoned during a period of tremendous technological innovation.

Because the realists evinced not only a fascination with this new technology but also an ethos that seems to align itself with science, many have paired the two fields rather unproblematically. But this book demonstrates that many realist writers, from Mark Twain to Stephen Crane, Charles.

Machine Tools. Kesavan adjusted angle plate axis bevel gear boring bar boring machine broaching machine capstan centre Chip thickness chuck clearance collet column component crank cross feed cross slide cutting edge cutting fluid cutting force cutting speed cutting tool cylindrical depth of cut diameter dividing head drill bush drive 4/5(6).

that leaders and theorists can use metaphor as an investigative tool. Deductive approach. The deductive approach involves three phases: choosing a metaphor, imposing a particular organizational phenomenon, and determining if it offers something of value (Grant & Oswick, ).

The deductive approach identifies metaphors and, ifFile Size: 82KB. Why Machine Learning Is A Metaphor For Life.

Seriously. Hear me out on this. The more I learn about ML, the more I see the number of similarities there are between life and machine learning concepts.

Specifically, let’s think about neural networks. What is a metaphor. A metaphor is a literary device that imaginatively draws a comparison between two unlike things. It does this by stating that Thing A is Thing h this method of equation, metaphors can help explain concepts and ideas by colorfully linking the unknown to the known; the abstract to the concrete; the incomprehensible to the comprehensible.

One final note: While this book is seemingly targeted towards educators in a classroom teaching context, its excellent insights and examples are universal and will help anyone and everyone -- business professionals, public speakers, corporate trainers, teachers, and students -- to leverage the power of metaphor more effectively, so as to Cited by:   This video looks at the machine metaphor in restaurants.

This feature is not available right now. Please try again later. A Model of Metaphoric Association. L.F. Young / The Metaphor Machine Assume the given relations WI(N, V), where W1 is a given World (World 1) consisting of 2-tuples N, V in which N is a column of nouns (entity names) and V is a col- umn of corresponding verbs (actions or states of being), W2(N, V), where WE is another World (World 2 Cited by: Books shelved as metaphor: Metaphors We Live By by George Lakoff, The Rule of Metaphor by Paul Ricœur, I is an Other: The Secret Life of Metaphor and How.

These machine metaphors are analyzed from the time of their scientific and technological origins up to their current use in physical and sports education. This analysis will contribute to the understanding of how a scientific metaphor comes to be in common use and may lead to particular exercise by: 4.

This book is the third in the Woodhead Publishing Reviews: Mechanical Engineering Series, and includes high quality articles (full research articles, review articles and case studies) with a special emphasis on research and development in machining and machine-tools.

Machining and machine tools is an important subject with application in. Organizations as Machines, Organizations as Conversations Two Core Metaphors and Their Consequences Anthony L. Suchman, MD, MA Abstract: One factor contributing to the limited success of organizational change initiatives is the use of an outmoded conceptual model: the organization as machine.

This metaphor leadsFile Size: KB. Machine, & Metaphor takes a wide-ranging stroll through AI and the law, o~asionally straying too far afield but nonetheless provoking a reexami- nation of one's conception of the law.

SUMMARY Mind, Machine, & Metaphor begins its journey with a. Thismeans that the people working in the division have to adapt to the division as same as whathappens under machine metaphor CONCLUSIONS The behavior of Chattanooga Ice Cream Division has been drawn from discussions,conflicts, actions, and reactions during the management meeting Moore conducted.

Machine Tool Practices book. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Extremely comprehensive book covers the core subject areas essentia /5(29).

Metaphor is the seasoning of everyday language. The previous sentence is itself a metaphor, a figure of speech involving a comparison intended to communicate the idea that certain words make speech flavorful.

Poets intentionally design metaphors to enliven poems and shape reader understanding of actions, feelings and. American Metaphor Categories The Metaphor Project’s list of enduring American Metaphor Categories contains a number of important themes found in the American cultural story.

The American cultural story (think ‘personality’) is a mixture of our ideal vision, ideal national character and pieces drawn from our actual historical experience. The machine metaphor takes an objective view of an organization in which the interactions among the elements are predictable and controllable.

The mindset of people management is entrenched in our social and organizational systems. It is very important for organizational leaders to know that machine control techniques apply to things, not people.

the notion of replaceability; machines are designed in a way that the parts in one machine are the same as those in a similar machine and can be easily replaced Machine Metaphor: Predictability there are rules that govern the way a machine is built and how it operates.

Book Review: 'Pachinko,' By Min a dizzying cross between pinball and a slot machine, wherein small metal balls drop randomly amid a maze of brass pins. and of course the game is a perfect.

The strengths of a machine as a metaphor for the organization can be stated very simply. Due to the advanced technology, the systems have been able to function effectively and efficiently. Firstly, where there is a straightforward activity to perform.

Again when the precision is. Metaphor:MIND IS A MACHINE. From EN MetaNet Wiki. Jump to: navigation, search. Name Gloss MIND IS A MACHINE Name Transcription : MIND IS A MACHINE (Metaphors We Live By) + igated for: English + : General + frame: Frame:Machine +Aliases: MIND IS A MACHINE (Metaphors We Live By).

Get your students thinking abstractly about their argument topic by having them create a simile or a metaphor to describe it. Adding a simile or a metaphor to argument writing takes their writing to the next level. This worksheet helps simplify this abstract process.

How I use this tool in my clas 4/5(1). Get an answer for 'Please give an example of figurative language used in The Time Machine.

' and find homework help for other The Time Machine questions at eNotes. Machine Metaphor- represents organizations as standardized by repetitions, specialization, or predictability.

Many companies now try to stay away from the machine metaphor and make their workplace for inviting to people Organizations as Culture- Based on shared meaning, and the notion of "sharing" presupposes relationships between people.

A metaphor is a figure of speech that, for rhetorical effect, directly refers to one thing by mentioning another. It may provide (or obscure) clarity or identify hidden similarities between two ideas.

Metaphors are often compared with other types of figurative language, such as antithesis, hyperbole, metonymy and simile.

One of the most commonly cited examples of a metaphor in .Black-and-white dualism. Blind men and an elephant. bread and circuses: Butterfly effect. Catch (logic) character assassination: Cherry picking (fallacy) Chicken or the egg. Chinese fire drill.

Choices are crossroads. Crocodiles' teeth are white daggers. Crossing the Rubicon. Cultural mosaic. Dark/Black Horse. Dead cat bounce. It is a tale of how this tiny tool became a necessity of life, an object lesson in early economic planning, a constituent part of capitalist theory, a symbol of European social criticism, a metaphor for female oppression, and, last but not least, a Cited by: 5.

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